Category: Soil

Soil Formation


Soil is formed through the process of rock weathering. Weathering is the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles when in contact with water (flowing through rocks), air or living organisms. Weathering can occur physically, biologically or chemically. Physical weathering: This is the disintegration of rocks into smaller particles with no alteration in their molecular structure. Air and water are agents of physical weathering. Windblown on rocks, heavy downpour of rain, […]

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Addressing Nitrogen Deficiency in Organic Crop Production

planting potatoes

In the last few articles that we have recently been publishing, a key issue has over and over crept up. This is the issue of the challenges that organic crop production faces. These challenges as outlined by a recent study were found to be the lack of nitrogen as a nutrient and the other one was seen as the lack of proper mechanism towards tackling pests and weeds. Organic food […]

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The Problem with Growing Tomatoes Where I Live

Homegrown Cherry Tomatoes (Courtesy of  OakleyOriginals)

Somewhere in this country people are doing it well, and truth be known, I now work at a conscientious, mindful organic farm (organizing volunteers and a farmers’ market) with vast biodiversity, animals and plants, that manages to pull enough crop to keep me in organic tomatoes. However, despite what appears to the contrary, what seemed illogical to me not so long ago, in a climate that never gets too cold […]

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Confusing your Compost with your Mulch?

Confusing your Compost with your Mulch feat

What is Compost? Compost is decomposed organic material. It is manmade, commonly using a mix of kitchen scraps and wet & dry garden leaves, grasses and trimmings. When it is ready it is a deep dark brown, almost black, feels moist and crumbly to touch, and does not smell bad, but has an appealing earthy smell. There are various methods of making compost according to your needs, location, availability of […]

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Learning More on How to Think about Soil

Seedling & Soil

I don’t know why it is, but I’ve taken to waking up at about five every morning. I kiss my wife Emma on the head, creep downstairs from the loft of our apartment and spend the next hour or more watching Geoff Lawton videos from the PDC course. She knows I’m doing it. It’s nothing weird. But, for the most part, we don’t talk all that much about it. This […]

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Soil Nutrients

Soil Nutrients feat

During the international year of soil in 2015, global attention was drawn to the importance of a healthy soil. One of the key facts emphasized by the food and agricultural organization was that sustainable management of soils can lead to a 58% increase in food production (FAO, 2015). Soil nutrient composition plays a key role in determining the goodness of a soil. A healthy soil will have all the essential […]

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Biochar: Helps Increase Crop Yields and Mitigates Climate Change


Whenever we hear the word biochar, most of us are thinking that this is not a climate-friendly method since it undergoes combustion process and can aggravate greenhouse effect. Though this is a thousand years old industrial technology technique for soil enhancer, some are still confused if it’s the real deal. Is it, in fact, a too good to be true method for agriculture? What is Biochar? Biochar is a soil […]

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Vermicomposting: How Worms Can Reduce Our Waste

Vermicomposting: How Worms Can Reduce Our Waste

Nearly one third of our food ends up in the trash can. There is hope, however, in the form of worms, which naturally convert organic waste into fertilizer. In this very well illustrated video, Matthew Ross details the steps we can all take to vermicompost at home — and why it makes good business sense to do so. Video Courtesy of Ted Ed For a great article about setting up […]

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Abundance from Small Spaces


It’s all about habitat. If you create the right habitat, you get what you need. I often ask people, “What is the biggest predator in this garden?” The answer, of course, is “us” because that’s what it’s designed for. Before we were farmers, we were hunter-gatherers. What the word ‘forest’ (from the Anglo-Norman) means is not ‘trees’ at all, but ‘the king’s hunting ground.’ So, what we are doing in creating forest gardens is to get ourselves back as close as we can to being hunter-gatherers: less work, more harvest, no pollution, making the system as self-fertile as possible, recycling wastes into nutrients, and entirely dependent on the best nuclear reactor of all—the sun, and on the rain (or other precipitation) and wind cycles which are driven by the sun’s energy.

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How to Sustainably Manage Agriculture?

Earthworms and soil in hand

Agriculture will always be here no matter what era it is and no matter the technological advancements. But the question will be about if we can apply sustainable practices in our individual farms. Farmers always need to increase yield, reduce input, and get more harvests without worrying about later consequences of some farming practices. The best way to sustainably manage agriculture is to use the bio-organics system. It imitates nature […]

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A Guide to Simple Worm Farming Techniques

Happy Tiger Worms (Courtesy of Timothy Musson)

Even novice gardeners are aware of worms as a driving force in the garden, and this is especially so for those no-till beds so popular in permaculture plots. For most of us, it’s no great revelation that soil thick with worms is also likely to be thick with plant growth. The reasons are many, but in the most basic terms, earthworms are great for aerating soils and transforming organic material […]

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Permaculture Soils Course


The Permaculture Soils Course redefines ‘sustainable agriculture’ as ‘our ability to build soil fertility as we improve production and reduce cost and labor’. Very few systems are able to achieve this goal in an affordable and achievable way.

You will leave the farm with the tools to be more productive in your backyard, in a greenhouse, on the farm, or in the city.

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